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The Viability of Sustained Growth by India’s MNEs: India’s Dual Economy and Constraints from Location Assets

This paper considers the longer-term viability of the internationalization and success of Indian MNEs. We apply the ‘dual economy’ concept (Lewis 1954), to reconcile the contradictions of the typical emerging economy, where a ‘modern’ knowledge-intensive economy exists alongside a ‘traditional’ resource-intensive economy. Each type of economy generates firms with different types of ownership advantages, and hence different types of MNEs and internationalisation patterns. We also highlight the vulnerabilities of a growth-by-acquisitions approach. The potential for Indian MNEs to grow requires an understanding of India’s dual economy and the constraints from the home country’s location advantages, particularly those in its knowledge infrastructure.

Published on 1st June 2014
Authors Professor Rajneesh Narula
Series Reference JHD-2014-04