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Professor Peter Scott

Professor of International Business History

Professor peter scott 397 3 Peter Scott 75e5pfi6j

Specialisms

  • Housing, 
  • Consumer durables, 
  • Household behaviour, 
  • Inequality

Location

Room 150, Henley Business School, Whiteknights Campus

Peter Scott is Professor of International Business History. He has undertaken extensive research on the history of housing provision, consumer expenditure, inequality, retailing, consumer durables, and various aspects of business history.

Peter's research interests include:

  • History of wealth and income inequality
  • Living standards
  • Household consumption
  • The house-building sector
  • Consumer durables
  • Working hours
  • Path dependence

He has written over sixty articles and book chapters, together with four sole-authored monographs:

  • The Property Masters: A History of the British Commercial Property Sector (London: Spon, 1996)
  • Triumph of the South: A Regional Economic History of Britain during the Early Twentieth Century (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007)
  • The Making of the British Home: The Suburban Semi and Family Life Between the Wars (Oxford: Oxford U.P., 2013)
  • The Market Makers. Creating Mass Markets for Consumer Durables in Inter-war Britain (Oxford: Oxford U.P., 2017)

Reference: Scott, P. (2021) The booster, the snitch, and the bogus false arrest victim: retailers and shoplifters in inter-war America and Britain. Enterprise & Society. ISSN 1467-2235 (In Press)
Reference: Scott, P. (2020) The anatomy of Britain’s inter-war super-rich: reconstructing the 1928/9 'millionaire' population. Economic History Review. ISSN 1468-0289 (In Press)
Reference: Barnes, V. , Newton, L. and Scott, P. (2020) A “quiet victory”: National Provincial, Gibson Hall, and the switch from comprehensive redevelopment to urban preservation in 1960s London. Enterprise and Society. ISSN 1467-2235 doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/eso.2020.35
Reference: Hull, A. and Scott, P. (2020) The “value” of business archives: assessing the academic importance of corporate archival collections. Management & Organizational History, 15 (1). pp. 1-21. ISSN 1744-9367 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17449359.2020.1769676
Reference: Scott, P. (2020) General Motors' other franchise system: creating an effective distribution model for Frigidaire. Business History. ISSN 1743-7938 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/00076791.2020.1714594
Reference: Scott, P. and Walker, J. (2020) The comfortable, the rich, and the super-rich. What really happened to top British incomes during the first half of the twentieth century? The Journal of Economic History, 80 (1). pp. 38-68. ISSN 1471-6372 doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022050719000767
Reference: Scott, P. (2020) Friends in high places: government-industry relations in public sector house-building during Britain’s tower block era. Business History, 62 (4). pp. 545-565. ISSN 1743-7938 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/00076791.2018.1452913
Reference: Scott, P. (2019) Rethinking business models in the Great Depression: the failure of America's vacuum cleaner industry. Business History Review, 93 (2). pp. 319-348. ISSN 2044-768X doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007680519000679
Reference: Scott, P. and Spadavecchia, A. (2019) Fundamental patents, national intellectual property regimes, and the development of new industries in Britain and America during the second industrial revolution. Economic History Yearbook, 60 (1). pp. 181-208. ISSN 0075-2800 doi: https://doi.org/10.1515/jbwg-2019-0008
Reference: Foreman-Peck, J., Raff, D. and Scott, P. (2019) Introduction: Leslie Hannah and business history in his time. Business History, 61 (7). pp. 1091-1107. ISSN 1743-7938 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/00076791.2019.1642328
Reference: Scott, P. (2019) “Forced selling”, domesticity, and the diffusion of washing-machines in inter-war America. Journal of Social History, 54 (2). pp. 546-568. ISSN 1527-1897 doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/jsh/shz064
Reference: Scott, P. M. and Walker, J. T. (2019) ‘Stop-go’ policy and the restriction of post-war British house-building. The Economic History Review, 72 (2). pp. 716-737. ISSN 1468-0289 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/ehr.12700
Reference: Scott, P. and Fridenson, P. (2018) New perspectives on 20th-century European retailing. Business History, 60 (7). pp. 941-958. ISSN 1743-7938 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/00076791.2018.1494943
Reference: Scott, P. (2017) The market makers: creating mass markets for consumer durables in inter-war Britain. Oxford University Press, Oxford. ISBN 9780198783817
Reference: Scott, P. and Walker, J. T. (2017) Large scale retailing, mass-market strategies and the blurring of class demarkations in Interwar Britain. In: Di Martino, P., Popp, A. and Scott, P. (eds.) People, Places and Business Cultures: Essays in Honour of Francesca Carnevali. People, Markets, Goods: Economies and Societies in History. Boydell & Brewer, Martlesham. ISBN 9781783272129
Reference: Scott, P. M. and Walker, J. T. (2017) The impact of ‘stop-go’ demand management policy on Britain's consumer durables industries, 1952-65. The Economic History Review, 70 (4). pp. 1321-1345. ISSN 0013-0117 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/ehr.12470
Reference: Scott, P. and Walker, J. T. (2017) The only way is up: retail format saturation and the demise of the American five and dime store, 1914-1941. Business History Review, 91 (1). pp. 71-103. ISSN 2044-768X doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S000768051700054X
Reference: Scott, P. and Walker, J. (2017) Barriers to “industrialisation” for interwar British retailing? The case of Marks & Spencer Ltd. Business History, 59 (2). pp. 179-201. ISSN 1743-7938 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/00076791.2016.1156088
Reference: Scott, P. and Walker, J. T. (2016) Bringing radio into America's homes: marketing new technology in the Great Depression. Business History Review, 90 (2). pp. 251-276. ISSN 2044-768X doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007680516000349
Reference: Scott, P. and Ziebarth, N. (2015) The determinants of plant survival in the U.S. radio equipment industry during the Great Depression. The Journal of Economic History, 75 (4). pp. 1097-1127. ISSN 1471-6372 doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022050715001503
Reference: Scott, P. and Walker, J. (2015) Demonstrating distinction at ‘the lowest edge of the black-coated class’: the family expenditures of Edwardian railway clerks. Business History, 57 (4). pp. 564-588. ISSN 1743-7938 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/00076791.2014.965384
Reference: Scott, P. , Walker, J. and Miskell, P. (2015) British working-class household composition, labour supply, and commercial leisure participation during the 1930s. Economic History Review, 68 (2). pp. 657-682. ISSN 1468-0289 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/ehr.12074
Reference: Scott, P. (2014) When innovation becomes inefficient: reexamining Britain's radio industry. Business History Review, 88 (3). pp. 497-521. ISSN 2044-768X doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007680514000415
Reference: Scott, P. (2013) The making of the British home: the suburban semi and family life between the wars. Oxford University Press, pp270. ISBN 9780199677207 doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677207.001.0001
Reference: Scott, P. (2012) The determinants of competitive success in the interwar British radio industry. Economic History Review, 65 (4). pp. 1303-1325. ISSN 1468-0289 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0289.2011.00647.x
Reference: Scott, P. and Newton, L. A. (2012) Advertising, promotion, and the rise of a national building society movement in interwar Britain. Business History, 54 (3). pp. 399-423. ISSN 1743-7938 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/00076791.2011.638489
Reference: Scott, P. M. and Walker, J. (2012) Working-class household consumption smoothing in interwar Britain. The Journal of Economic History, 72 (3). pp. 797-825. ISSN 1471-6372 doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S002205071200037X
Reference: Scott, P. and Walker, J. (2012) The British ‘failure’ that never was? The Anglo-American ‘productivity gap’ in large-scale interwar retailing—evidence from the department store sector. Economic History Review, 65 (1). pp. 277-303. ISSN 1468-0289 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0289.2010.00583.x
Reference: Scott, P. and Spadavecchia, A. (2011) Did the 48-hour week damage Britain's industrial competitiveness? Economic History Review, 64 (4). pp. 1266-1288. ISSN 1468-0289 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0289.2010.00590.x
Reference: Scott, P. (2011) Still a niche communications medium: the diffusion and uses of the telephone system in interwar Britain. Business History, 53 (6). pp. 801-820. ISSN 1743-7938 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/00076791.2011.578131
Reference: Scott, P. M. and Walker, J. (2011) Sales and advertising expenditure for interwar American department stores. The Journal of Economic History, 71 (1). pp. 40-69. ISSN 1471-6372 doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022050711000027
Reference: Gazeley, I., Newell, A. and Scott, P. (2011) Why was urban overcrowding much more severe in Scotland than in the rest of the British Isles? Evidence from the first (1904) official household expenditure survey. European Review of Economic History, 15 (1). pp. 127-151. ISSN 1474-0044 doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1361491610000195
Reference: Scott, P. and Walker, J. (2011) Power to the people: working-class demand for household power in 1930s Britain. Oxford Economic Papers, 63 (4). pp. 598-624. ISSN 1464-3812 doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/oep/gpr012
Reference: Scott, P. M. and Walker, J. T. (2010) Advertising, promotion, and the competitive advantage of interwar British department stores. Economic History Review, 63 (4). pp. 1105-1128. ISSN 1468-0289 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0289.2010.00535.x
Reference: Scott, P. and Newton, L. , (2009) Advertising, promotion, and the rise of a national building society movement in interwar Britain. Discussion Paper. Henley Business School pp39. (Unpublished)
Reference: Scott, P. (2009) Mr Drage, Mr Everyman, and the creation of a mass market for domestic furniture in interwar Britain. Economic History Review, 62 (4). pp. 802-827. ISSN 1468-0289 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0289.2009.00480.x
Reference: Scott, P. (2009) From a solution to a problem? Overseas multinationals in Britain during economic decline and renaissance. In: Coopey, R. and Lyth, P. (eds.) Business in Britain in the twentieth century: decline and renaissance? Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 116-136. ISBN 9780199226009 doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226009.003.0007
Reference: Scott, P. (2008) Did owner-occupation lead to smaller families for interwar working-class households. Economic History Review, 61 (1). pp. 99-124. ISSN 1468-0289 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0289.2007.00390.x
Reference: Scott, P. (2008) Marketing mass home ownership and the creation of the modern working-class consumer in inter-war Britain. Business History, 50 (1). pp. 4-25. ISSN 1743-7938 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/00076790701785581
Reference: Scott, P. (2008) Managing door-to-door sales of vacuum cleaners in interwar Britain. Business History Review, 82 (4). pp. 761-788. ISSN 2044-768X
Reference: Scott, P. and Newton, L. (2007) Jealous monopolists? British banks and responses to the Macmillan gap during the 1930s. Enterprise & Society, 8 (4). pp. 881-919. ISSN 1467-2235 doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/es/khm104
Reference: Scott, P. (2007) Consumption, consumer credit cards and the diffusion of consumer durables. In: Carnevali, F., Strange, J.-M. and Johnson, P. (eds.) 20th century Britain: economic, cultural and social change. 2nd edition. Longman, Harlow. ISBN 9780582772878
Reference: Scott, P. (2007) Triumph of the south: a regional economic history of early twentieth century Britain. Modern Economic and Social History. Ashgate, Aldershot, pp344. ISBN 9781840146134
Reference: Scott, P. (2006) Path dependence, fragmented property rights and the slow diffusion of high throughput technologies in inter-war British coal mining. Business History, 48 (1). pp. 20-42. ISSN 1743-7938 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/00076790500204693
Reference: Scott, P. and Walsh, P. (2005) New manufacturing plant formation, clustering and locational externalities in 1930s Britain. Business History, 47 (2). pp. 190-218. ISSN 1743-7938
Reference: Scott, P. (2004) Public sector investment and Britain's post-war economic performance: a case study of roads policy. Journal of European Economic History, 34 (2). pp. 391-418. ISSN 0391-5115
Reference: Scott, P. (2004) Sources on communities of British manufacturing plans and their activities. Business Archives Sources and History, 88. pp. 25-30.
Reference: Scott, P. (2004) Regional development and policy. In: Floud, R. and Johnson, P. (eds.) The Cambridge Economic History of Modern Britain. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 332-367. ISBN 9780521527385 (Structural change and growth, 1939–2000)
Reference: Scott, P. and Walsh, P. (2004) Patterns and determinants of manufacturing plant location in interwar London. Economic History Review, 57 (1). pp. 109-141. ISSN 1468-0289 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0013-0017.2004.00274.x
Reference: Scott, P. (2002) The twilight world of interwar British hire purchase. Past & Present, 177 (1). pp. 195-225. ISSN 1477-464X doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/past/177.1.195
Reference: Rooth, T. and Scott, P. (2002) British public policy and multinationals during the “Dollar Gap” era, 1945–1960. Enterprise & Society, 3 (1). pp. 124-161. ISSN 1467-2235 doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/es/3.1.124
Reference: Scott, P. (2002) British railways and the challenge from road haulage: 1919-39. Twentieth Century British History, 13 (2). pp. 101-120. ISSN 1477-4674 doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/13.2.101
Reference: Scott, P. (2002) Towards the "cult of the equity"? Insurance companies and the interwar capital market. Economic History Review, 55 (1). pp. 78-104. ISSN 1468-0289 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-0289.00215
Reference: Scott, P. (2001) The evolution of Britain's urban built environment. In: Daunton, M. (ed.) Volume 3 (1840–1950). The Cambridge Urban History of Britain. Cambridge University Press, pp. 495-524. ISBN 9780521417075
Reference: Scott, P. (2001) Industrial estates and British industrial development: 1897-1939. Business History, 43 (2). pp. 73-98. ISSN 1743-7938 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/713999223
Reference: Scott, P. (2001) Path dependence and Britain’s "coal wagon problem". Explorations in Economic History, 38 (3). pp. 366-385. ISSN 0014-4983
Reference: Scott, P. and Reid, C. (2000) "The white slavery of the motor world”: opportunism in the interwar road haulage industry. Social History, 25 (3). pp. 300-315. ISSN 1470-1200 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/03071020050143338
Reference: Scott, P. (2000) The state, internal migration, and the growth of new industrial communities in inter-war Britain. English Historical Review, 115 (461). pp. 329-353. ISSN 1477-4534 doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/ehr/115.461.329
Reference: Scott, P. and Rooth, T. (2000) Protectionism and the growth of overseas multinational enterprise in interwar Britain. Journal of Industrial History, 3 (2).
Reference: Lizieri, C. , Baum, A. and Scott, P. (2000) Ownership, occupation and risk: a view of the City of London office market. Urban Studies, 37 (7). pp. 1109-1129. ISSN 1360-063X doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/00420980020080041
Reference: Scott, P. and Judge, G. (2000) Cycles and steps in British commercial property values. Applied Economics, 32 (10). pp. 1287-1297. ISSN 1466-4283 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/000368400404443
Reference: Scott, P. (2000) The audit of regional policy: 1934‐1939. Regional Studies, 34 (1). pp. 55-65. ISSN 1360-0591 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/00343400050005880
Reference: Scott, P. (2000) Women, other "fresh” workers, and the new manufacturing workforce of interwar Britain. International Review of Social History, 45 (3). pp. 449-474. ISSN 1469-512X
Reference: Carnevali, F. and Scott, P. (1999) The Treasury as venture capitalist: DATAC industrial finance and the Macmillan Gap 1945-60. Financial History Review, 6 (1). pp. 47-65. ISSN 1474-0052 doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0968565000000251
Reference: Scott, P. (1999) The efficiency of Britain's "silly little bobtailed" coal wagons: a comment on Van Vleck. The Journal of Economic History, 59 (4). pp. 1072-1080. ISSN 1471-6372 doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022050700024153
Reference: Scott, P. and Rooth, T. (1999) Public policy and foreign-based enterprises in Britain prior to the Second World War. The Historical Journal, 42 (2). pp. 495-515. ISSN 1469-5103
Reference: Scott, P. (1998) The growth of road haulage, 1921-58: an estimate. The Journal of Transport History, 19 (2). pp. 138-155. ISSN 1759-3999 doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/002252669801900206
Reference: Scott, P. (1998) The wolf at the door: the trade union movement and overseas multinationals in Britain during the 1930s. Social History, 23 (2). pp. 195-210. ISSN 1470-1200 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/03071029808568031
Reference: Scott, P. (1998) The location of early overseas multinationals in Britain, 1900-1939: patterns and determinants. Regional Studies, 32 (6). pp. 489-501. ISSN 1360-0591 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/00343409850119067
Reference: Scott, P. (1997) British regional policy 1945-51: a lost opportunity. Twentieth Century British History, 8 (3). pp. 358-382. ISSN 1477-4674 doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/8.3.358
Reference: Scott, P. (1997) Dispersion versus decentralisation: British location of industry policies and regional development 1945-60. Economy and Society, 26 (4). pp. 579-598. ISSN 1469-5766 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/03085149700000030
Reference: Scott, P. (1996) The property masters : a history of the British commercial property sector. E & FN Spon, London, pp331. ISBN 9780419209508
Reference: Scott, P. (1996) The worst of both worlds: British regional policy 1951-64. Business History, 38 (4). pp. 41-64. ISSN 1743-7938 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/00076799600000134
Reference: Scott, P. (1996) The new alchemy: Veblen's theory of crises and the 1974 British property and secondary banking crisis. Journal of Economic Issues, 30 (1). pp. 1-11. ISSN 1946-326X doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/00213624.1996.11505763
Reference: Scott, P. (1994) Learning to multiply: the property market and the growth of multiple retailing in Britain, 1919-39. Business History, 36 (3). pp. 1-28. ISSN 1743-7938 doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/00076799400000073

Business and Management Project

In this module students will have an opportunity to draw on knowledge and experience gained across the programme and apply them to a contemporary business or management problem or issue...

Module code: MMM154

Introduction to Thesis Literature Review (Autumn)

The module aims to provide students in the Business School with an understanding of all the issues involved in researching, preparing, and writing a literature review for their thesis, together...

Module code: MMD001

Study and Research Skills: Sources, Methods, and Practice

To strengthen students’ ability to make best use of the learning opportunities during the MSc degree course. To provide students with an understanding of what is required to perform well...

Module code: MMM070

Past Events

The 24th Annual Congress of the European Business History Association

10 September 2020

Association of Business Historians Annual Conference

26 June 2020